Type 1 Diabetes:
Results from the body’s failure to produce insulin, the hormone that “unlocks” the cells of the body, allowing glucose to enter and fuel them. It is estimated that 5-10% of Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 1 diabetes.
Who is at Greater Risk for Type 1 Diabetes?
- Siblings of people with type 1 diabetesChildren of parents with type 1 diabetes
Results from insulin resistance (a condition in which the body fails to properly use insulin), combined with relative insulin deficiency. Most Americans who are diagnosed with diabetes have type 2 diabetes.
Who is at Greater Risk for Type 2 Diabetes?
- People with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and/or impaired fasting glucose (IFG)
- People over age 45
People with a fa
mily history of diabetes
People who are overweight
People who do not exercise regularly
People with low HDL cholesterol or high triglycerides, high blood pressure
Certain racial and ethnic groups (e.g., Non-Hispanic Blacks, Hispanic/Latino Americans, Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders, and American Indians and Alaska Natives)
Women who had gestational diabetes, or who have had a baby weighing 9 pounds or more at birth
Gestational diabetes affects about 4 % of all pregnant women-about 135,000 cases in the
Pre-diabetes is a condition that occurs when a person’s blood glucose levels are higher than normal but not high enough for a diagnosis of type 2 diabetes. There are about 54
Source: American Diabetes Association