A three-judge panel (all Republican appointees) said in dismissing the suit filed by Crumbly and residents of East Arkansas:
- We have thoroughly reviewed the record evidence, including numerous exhibits and expert testimony.
- We have carefully considered the proof with due regard to the intensely practical nature of the political process. We now hold that the plaintiffs failed to meet their burden of proving the Gingles preconditions or intentional discrimination and therefore did not demonstrate a violation of their rights under federal law.
The court did note there is a history of racial discrimination in the electoral process in Arkansas, as other cases have held.
- With that history in mind, we stress that our determination that no illegal vote dilution or intentional discrimination occurred does not mean that the plaintiffs did not raise important concerns about the Arkansas redistricting process. Because the Board acted within the bounds of the law, those concerns are for the voters of Arkansas, not for the courts of the United States, to address.