Through a cap placed on a newborn's head, their brain is cooled to 92 degrees. This saves up to 90 percent of brain cells that otherwise would have died, because of complications like asphyxiation, or the umbilical cord wrapping around the neck.
The cooling cap worked wonders for 3 year old Sydney Grace Ottens, who's umbilical cord ruptured during birth. Doctors had to immediately perform CPR on her, when she was born. That's when things fell into place.
"We were there at Baptist and they asked about the cooling cap...it was a brand new thing, very, very new. Actually the neonatologist at Baptist had heard about it the day before, and asked if we would be willing to come over to ACH and we said absolutely and we came over," Mark Ottens, Sydney's father, says.
The Ottens traveled to Washington, DC to testify during an FDA hearing about how the Cooling Cap worked for their daughter, who is reading and doing math.
Arkansas Children's Hospital has cooled 38 children since the study and is currently cooling two.